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Difference between revisions of "Pirate Manifesto parties at a glance"

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* To be able to find out a '''common''' Manifesto, first we should know for sure '''what do we have in common'''.
 
* To be able to find out a '''common''' Manifesto, first we should know for sure '''what do we have in common'''.
 
=When=
 
=When=
* Would be fine if this page were going to be completed during Uppsala weekend (28-29 June 2008), or just after Uppsala Conference
+
 
 +
We have several deadlines:
 +
 
 +
=== Deadline for national PPs to present their politics on this page ===
 +
 
 +
This should be done asap.
 +
 
 +
=== Deadline for the first Pirate Manifesto draft ===
 +
 
 +
Before the first draft is finished, we intend to have a lot of discussions, ensuring that we have reached near-consensus on the draft.
 +
 
 +
Deadline: August 31st.
 +
 
 +
=== Deadline for proposal of amendments ===
 +
 
 +
The first draft should be discussed in the national parties before any meaningful proposals for amendments can be put on the table.
 +
 
 +
Deadline: November 1st.
 +
 
 +
=== Deadline for voting on amendments ===
 +
 
 +
The voting may have to be preceeded by local party votes. Because of this we suggest a window of voting ending 14 days after the deadline for amendments.
 +
 
 +
Deadline: November 15th.
 +
 
 +
=== Deadline for Pirate Manifesto ratification ===
 +
 
 +
The final document after applying amendments has to be ratified by each national party.
 +
 
 +
Deadline: The fourth Pirate Party conference in December.
 +
 
 
=How=
 
=How=
 
==Categorizing==
 
==Categorizing==

Revision as of 21:07, 10 July 2008

Contents

What

  • To be able to find out a common Manifesto, first we should know for sure what do we have in common.

When

We have several deadlines:

Deadline for national PPs to present their politics on this page

This should be done asap.

Deadline for the first Pirate Manifesto draft

Before the first draft is finished, we intend to have a lot of discussions, ensuring that we have reached near-consensus on the draft.

Deadline: August 31st.

Deadline for proposal of amendments

The first draft should be discussed in the national parties before any meaningful proposals for amendments can be put on the table.

Deadline: November 1st.

Deadline for voting on amendments

The voting may have to be preceeded by local party votes. Because of this we suggest a window of voting ending 14 days after the deadline for amendments.

Deadline: November 15th.

Deadline for Pirate Manifesto ratification

The final document after applying amendments has to be ratified by each national party.

Deadline: The fourth Pirate Party conference in December.

How

Categorizing

  • First of all, let's gonna find out in how many -and which- categories of ideologic contents are divided the manifestos/ideologies of the pirate parties
  • The goal is to find out a common set of categories of ideologic contents which help us to make a more compartmentalized, modular development of the Pirate Manifesto

Defining

  • After finding out the categories, it's also required to define their contents -what are those categories about-
  • The goal is to make easier to find common points and also disagreement points between pirate parties.
    • common points will be automatically included in the Pirate Manifesto.
    • disagreements will require debate
      • some of them will be discarded if no further agreement is reached -i.e., each pirate party in its national scope will be allowed to defend such stance, though it won't be included as PPI stance-
      • the rest may be replaced by an alternative stance, based on an abstraction of the differing stances

exempli gratia

  • Spanish section may be used as an example of how to describe each pirate party's ideologic categories & contents
  • German and Austrian representatives already sent via mail a briefing of their stances, though as it was summarized and not categorized -also some of those stances may have become outdated-, feel free to introduce the info yourselves

Who

  • Sections for Sweden, United States, Denmark, Finland, Germany, Austria, Netherlands, France, Poland, Spain and Russia are provided; if you're a brand new pirate party not included in the list and you're going to attend Uppsala please feel free to add yourself to the list
  • Spain is not going to attend Uppsala so no PIRATA representatives will participate in the debates that might have place; however, as the categories & contents have been completed, PIRATA stances will be taken in account
  • If Parti Pirate is not going to attend Uppsala -thus not participating (together with PIRATA) in the debates that might have place-, at least should complete the ideologic categories & contents to allow a broader view of PPI stances

Piratpartiet

Categories & Contents

Copyright

  • Copyright needs major reforms, id est, copyright terms should be shortened.
  • Private copying should be made legal.
  • Copyright should not be allowed to compete with civil rights.

Patents

  • Patents were supposed to work as an incitement for invention. Currently they work in the opposite direction.
  • The criteria for what constitutes patentable matter should be made more restrictive initially, and in the long-term run we want to abolish the patent system altogether.
  • Especially immaterial property should not be patentable.
  • Medicine patents, biopatents and patents on genes are especially harmful from a global perspective.

Integrity and privacy

  • There needs to be a stop to surveilling the citizens when there is no need.
  • Privacy of communication must hold in digital environments as well.
  • Privacy violations to protect copyright is not OK.
  • Breeching of privacy to create security is generally not a good idea.

Democracy and state issues

  • Lobbyism should be more regulated, and demands on openness should be enforced. This applies in particular to the European Union, seeing as Sweden already has strong demands for transparency in its legislation.
  • Any and all parliamentary, regional, state or EU official documents that can not be tied to the identity of a private individual should be available online.
  • Special laws classifying terrorist crimes should be abolished. They are unreasonable.
  • Politicians should respect human rights in practise as well as on paper.

Non-core issues

The Swedish Piratpartiet does not take a stance in non-core issues. Candidates or representatives of the party may not express opinions of non-core issues in the name of the party.

Piratpartiet instead aims to form alliances with other political parties. Our bartering is that we give our allies our votes, if they pull through such reforms as are among our core-issues. That or those parties which agree to give us the most support with our issues, will get our votes in parliament.

The Pirate Party of the United States

Main Issues

Reform of Copyright, Patent, and Trademark Laws

  • These are separate issues.
  • Copyright term must be reduced to an historically-reasonable level.
  • Patents are being mishandled entirely, and "shelved" patents should be eliminated.
    • Software patents are undesirable and should be eliminated. Software should be protected and protectable by copyright.
    • If software patents are to exist, massive reforms are necessary.
  • Trademarks should not have the same protections that copyrights and patents have; they should be separate altogether.
    • Images which are copyrighted should not be permitted for use as trademarks. The choice should be one or the other, not both.

Government Transparency and Accountability

  • Government in any country that considers itself a democracy (such as our democratic republic in the US) should be required to answer to the people over whom it governs.
  • Shame is good when one has done the wrong thing; and is a good motivator, when properly done, to prevent corruption.
  • Accountability should include the risk of loss of office, even if no criminal charges are filed.
  • Government officials should not be immune to the law.

Privacy

  • In our country, citizens are guaranteed privacy at all levels of communication, as well as in their homes and on their persons.
  • Such privacy also, by extension, also guarantees lack of interference where such communications are intended to be private.
  • Encryption is a statement that the contents should remain private. We are therefore opposed to all instances of DPI (Deep Packet Inspection).

Non-Core Issues

Technology

  • As previously stated, the Pirate Party of the United States opposed DPI as an inherently flawed concept.
  • DRM in all forms cannot be supported by the party, as limiting access for commercial reasons is also an inherently flawed concept.

Voting

  • All citizens of a country should be permitted to vote, regardless of political status.
  • All voting should be done anonymously, and yet publicly. We should have the ability to view a vote as it's cast and tallied, rather than surrounding ballots in a shroud of secrecy that invites abuse.

Danish pirate party

The political program of the danish PP is the same as Principer 3.1 from the swedish PP, so we are very close.

Core issues

Personal integrity

We strongly support basic human rights, as defined in the european declaration of human rights.

Following the 9/11 event in the US, Europe has allowed itself to be swept along in a panic reaction to try to end all evil by increasing the level of surveillance and control over the entire population. We Europeans should know better. It is not twenty years since the fall of the Berlin Wall, and there are plenty of other horrific examples of surveillance-gone-wrong in Europe's modern history.

The arguments for each step on the road to the surveillance state may sound ever so convincing. But we Europeans know from experience where that road leads, and it is not somewhere we want to go.

We must pull the emergency brake on the runaway train towards a society we do not want. Terrorists may attack the open society, but only governments can abolish it. The Pirate Party wants to prevent that from happening.

A democratic society needs a transparent state and non-transparent citizens. The citizens should be able to freely gather to formulate and express their opinions without fear of government surveillance. To expand this to an information society the right to anonymity in communication must be expanded. Therefore the secrecy of correspondence should encompass all digital communication.

Free culture

The official aim of the copyright system has always been to find a balance between the interests of publishers and consumers, in order to promote culture being created and spread. Today that balance has been completely lost, to a point where the copyright laws severely restrict the very thing they are supposed to promote. The Pirate Party wants to restore the balance in the copyright legislation.

All non-commercial copying and use should be completely free. File sharing and p2p networking should be encouraged rather than criminalized. Culture and knowledge are good things, that increase in value the more they are shared. The Internet could become the greatest public library ever created.

The monopoly for the copyright holder to exploit an aesthetic work commercially should be limited to five years after publication. Today's copyright terms are simply absurd. Nobody needs to make money seventy years after he is dead. No film studio or record company bases its investment decisions on the off-chance that the product would be of interest to anyone a hundred years in the future. The commercial life of cultural works is staggeringly short in today's world. If you haven't made your money back in the first one or two years, you never will. A five years copyright term for commercial use is more than enough. Non-commercial use should be free from day one.

We also want a complete ban on DRM technologies, and on contract clauses that aim to restrict the consumers' legal rights in this area. There is no point in restoring balance and reason to the legislation, if at the same time we continue to allow the big media companies to both write and enforce their own arbitrary laws.

Free information

Pharmaceutical patents kill people in third world countries every day. They hamper possibly life saving research by forcing scientists to lock up their findings pending patent application, instead of sharing them with the rest of the scientific community. The latest example of this is the bird flu virus, where not even the threat of a global pandemic can make research institutions forgo their chance to make a killing on patents.

The Pirate Party has a constructive and reasoned proposal for an alternative to pharmaceutical patents. It would not only solve these problems, but also give more money to pharmaceutical research, while still cutting public spending on medicines in half. This is something we would like to discuss on a European level.

Patents in other areas range from the morally repulsive (like patents on living organisms) through the seriously harmful (patents on software and business methods) to the merely pointless (patents in the mature manufacturing industries).

Europe has all to gain and nothing to lose by abolishing patents outright. If we lead, the rest of the world will eventually follow.

Non-core issues

For issues related to the core issues, we will take a stance if deemed necessary.

For matters not related to the core issues, we have no official stance. Individual members of the party will, however, be allowed to express opinions about non-core issues and even build personal campaign platforms around them, as long as they make it clear that these are their own opinions and not those of the party. So our support of free speech even includes party members campaigning. Elected party members are, however, encouraged to use non-core issues to pressure other parties to vote for our core issues.

Piratenpartei Deutschland

Main Issues

Privacy

  • Privacy and data protection insure the freedom of the people.
  • Data self-determination
  • Aganist the Telecommunications data retention, RFID, the new Health-Card, etc
  • Aganist the developing of biometric databases.
  • same protection for electronic communication as for letters

Government Transparency

  • All authorities hafe to get out information when they are asked.
    • Exceptions: Privacy of other people, national security, etc. but the exceptions have to be limited as low as posible.
  • Create a principle of publicity
  • Make politic decisions transparant

Open Access

  • Open Access to science which was payed with taxes.
  • If software is financed by the staat it should be free and open source.

Copyright

  • reduction of copyright term to something below TRIPS
  • No copy protection, DRM
  • Free copies and free use
  • Promote of culture
  • Balance between public and artists
  • No special rights for software

Patents

  • reduction of patent term
  • Reduction of Monopolies
  • Against Patents on Software and genes

Infrastructure Monopolies

  • Monopolies on communication avoid developing
  • Infrastructure shut be increased so that all people can get access to new technologies.
  • No censorship

Piratenpartei Österreichs

Categories & Contents

Category 1

  • etc, etc, etc
  • ...

Category 2

  • etc, etc, etc
  • ...

Category ...

  • etc, etc, etc
  • ...

Piratenpartij Nederland

The Dutch Pirate Party is currently constructing a full party program. This wil not only contain what our vision is, but also offer solutions.

At this time, our view is most similar to that of the Danish Pirate Party.



Note : There are no "mayor" legal issues that can be a obstacle for the construction of a Worldwide & European manifest. As in most country's We can promote the idea of something that is illegal, or will be illegal useing the political system. However, we are not allowed to stimulate people, and make them disobey the law. Therefore, words must be chosen carefully.

Parti Pirate

Categories & Contents

Category 1

  • etc, etc, etc
  • ...

Category 2

  • etc, etc, etc
  • ...

Category ...

  • etc, etc, etc
  • ...

Partia Piratów

Main Issuses

In brief

  • Adjusting law to modern technologies and furtherance progress inforamation society troughout:

Freedom to use cultural goods

  • Constitutional guaranted law to impeded access and use works like books, music or movies. Whatever form is.

Reform of the patent system

  • Furtherance innovations instead of protecting monopolies.

Protection of the privacy

  • Abolition data retention and guaranting communication secret.

Open administration

  • Assurance every single citizen troubleless contact with administration - also using open software.

Economic openness

  • Company-owners'-friendly and citizen-friendly administration, simplifing law and limiting bureaucracy.

Free education

  • Enforcing constitutional law to learning freely throughout implementing "free obligatory books".

Non-Core Issuses

  • Pharmaceutical patents (not suitable to current polish economy - public health care troubles and so on, which have to be solved now and maybe in 10 years there will be a time to changes like that)

Partido Pirata

Categories & Contents

Core issues

Culture & Author's Rights
  • Culture is one of the goods that every citizen has right to access
  • Free cultural collective exchanges as a fair and efficient way of promoting culture, so non-lucrative free sharing of cultural works is encouraged
  • Rejection of the use of the intellectual property term; what are stated at the UDHR are the author's rights
  • Rejection of private copying levies -according to PPI's answer to EC Consultation on Private Copying Levies-
  • Defense of author's rights, thus rejecting a rights management model where authors are forced to transfer those rights to RMOs and editors under harmful conditions to their own interests
  • Bringing authors the right to choose between self-managing their own performance rights or choosing to work with one of several RMOs
Patents
  • No existence of software patents
  • For the rest of patent areas, a new patent model will be conceived, open to development and innovation, compatibilizing promotion and protection of innovating efforts with the explotation of previous knowledge, to enhance the technological evolution for the good of the society, avoiding private monopolies to arise from the patent system
Information Society
  • Make Internet as universal as nowadays radio or television are, and also to make every home, every business, every educational centre in Spain able to enjoy this information and culture universalization tool, without any kind of discrimination due to social, personal or geographic condition
  • Make neutrality of the Internet a compulsory requirement, and also that every present and future Internet services to be reachable and offered without restrictions nor discriminations between them
  • Make public administration use standard, non proprietary, free software, formats and documentation, not only in the search for the technological neutrality, but also to make public administration be able to guarantee safety and privacy of every single citizens' data managed by the public administration
Rights and Liberties
  • Make fight against crime and terrorism compliant with the rights and liberties recognized in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights of 1948, with strong attention to those related to presumption of innocence, privacy and freedom of speech
  • Make citizens have the same rights and freedoms inside and outside the Internet
  • Condemn the use of violence applied to make political claims outside democratic paths, thus only accepting to negotiate claims made within the rule of the law, even when such claims aim to change that law
  • Condemn any attempt against anyone's life and integrity, and will condemn any attempt of excluding and prosecuting people because of their ideologies, faith or beliefs, nationality, race, gender or sexual preferences

Non-core issues

  • For non-core issues, by default, the members of the Institutional Groups -i.e., MPs- will abstain in any voting
  • In order to decide in which cases there will be exceptions to that abstentionism, eligible voters for general elections will be given the right to decide through initiatives supported with signatures
    • initiatives must be supported by enough signatures
    • initiatives must be compliant with PIRATA core issues, including UDHR
    • consenssus is another requirement; if for a given subject two or more stances are proposed, if one of them has far more signatures than the rest it will be the chosen one; otherwise, PIRATA would mediate between the parts to make them easier to reach a common stance, which would be the chosen one
  • This submission to the citizens' will implies that PIRATA will not be part in any coalition government, nor will give inconditional support to any of the parties represented on the chambers of the different parliaments where PIRATA obtains paliamentary representation
    • If other parliamentary groups propose PIRATA a deal involving non-core issues, PIRATA would first release a consultation before deciding; if the former requirements are not met, abstention would be held
  • This support given by PIRATA to citizen's involving in politics is nonetheless totally against how Lisboa Treaty is being passed by the EU

Russian Pirate Party

Categories & Contents

Category 1

  • etc, etc, etc
  • ...

Category 2

  • etc, etc, etc
  • ...

Category ...

  • etc, etc, etc
  • ...

Piraattipuolue

Categories & Contents

Securing democracy and citizen's rights

  • Guarantee consumer protection even in digital trade
  • Safeguard privacy and free speech
  • Privacy of correspondence must be just as secure online as offline
  • Improve democratic decision-making and openess within the European Union.

Freeing culture

  • Legalize all non-commercial copying
  • Shorten copyright protection to 5-10 years

Reforming the patent system and abolishing private monopolies

  • Abolish software and pharmaceutical patents, replacing the pharma patents with Piratpartiet's model.

Non-core issues

  • For possible matters related to, but not directly part of, the core issues, Piraattipuolue will take a stance if deemed necessary.
  • For instance, the Finnish Ministry of Traffic and Communications recently asked for opinions regarding a reallocation of radio frequencies, but they only gave a week to respond and neglected asking many of the communities who'd be influenced by such a decision. Piraattipuolue made a press release criticizing this and warning that such behavior damages citizens' trust in just rule.
  • For matters not related to the core issues, Piraattipuolue has no official stance, and the party will not say anything about e.g. economical issues beyond those related to copyright. Individual members of the party will, however, be allowed to express opinions about non-core issues and even build personal campaign platforms around them, for as long as they make it clear that these are their own opinions and not those of the party.

Australian pirate party

Categories & Contents

Category 1

  • etc, etc, etc
  • ...

Category 2

  • etc, etc, etc
  • ...

Category ...

  • etc, etc, etc
  • ...

Analysis

Briefing

  • After analysing each pirate party stances, we are going to find common points and also disagreements in two different scopes:
    • Worldwide scope: for all pirate parties including Russian and American
    • EU scope: in order to make easier the campaign for the 2009 European Election
  • Also, we have to consider restrictions existing in each pirate party's home country, to make the Pirate Manifesto operative and legal to be used by all pirate parties

Legal restrictions

USA

  • United States Constitution Article I, Section 8, Clause 1 a.k.a. the Progress Clause states
    "To promote the Progress of Science and useful Arts, by securing for limited Times to Authors and Inventors the exclusive Right to their respective Writings and Discoveries."
    This implies that complete abolishment of copyright or similar monopoly would require constitutional amendment.
    • False. The US Constitution grants Congress the power to enforce copyright and patents, not an obligation.

Common categories

Worldwide scope

Category 1

Category 2

Category ...

EU scope

Category 1

Category 2

Category ...

Common stances

Category 1

Worldwide scope

  • etc, etc, etc
  • ...

EU scope

  • etc, etc, etc
  • ...

Category 2

Worldwide scope

  • etc, etc, etc
  • ...

EU scope

  • etc, etc, etc
  • ...

Category ...

Worldwide scope

  • etc, etc, etc
  • ...

EU scope

  • etc, etc, etc
  • ...

Disagreements

Category 1

Worldwide scope

  • etc, etc, etc
    • comment the alternative stance through abstraction of differing ones, if any
  • ...
    • comment the alternative stance through abstraction of differing ones, if any

EU scope

  • etc, etc, etc
    • comment the alternative stance through abstraction of differing ones, if any
  • ...
    • comment the alternative stance through abstraction of differing ones, if any

Category 2

Worldwide scope

  • etc, etc, etc
    • comment the alternative stance through abstraction of differing ones, if any
  • ...
    • comment the alternative stance through abstraction of differing ones, if any

EU scope

  • etc, etc, etc
    • comment the alternative stance through abstraction of differing ones, if any
  • ...
    • comment the alternative stance through abstraction of differing ones, if any

Category ...

Worldwide scope

  • etc, etc, etc
    • comment the alternative stance through abstraction of differing ones, if any
  • ...
    • comment the alternative stance through abstraction of differing ones, if any

EU scope

  • etc, etc, etc
    • comment the alternative stance through abstraction of differing ones, if any
  • ...
    • comment the alternative stance through abstraction of differing ones, if any